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Disaster Management AIP-3 Working Group

This working group is under the guidance and oversight of the GEOSS Architecture Implementation Pilot (AIP) program.  The details of the AIP, and more links to AIP resources, can be found here.

Focus of Working Group

In Disaster Management, the benefit of interoperability could be evaluated by the number of human lives that have been preserved. In this context, rapid response is a major value that GEOSS brings. The AIP-3 Disaster Management Reference Scenario is a key contribution, helping participants to define efficient procedures and related GEOSS services to provide the right response at the right time to an emergency situation.

Summary of Working Group Acitivities

GEOSS AIP-3 Disaster Management Working Group effort results in following achievements:

  • AIP-3 Disaster Management Reference Scenario for any type of disasters as an improvement of the AIP-2 Reference Scenario based on return of experience from working group members such as CSDP, Ubiq-Mon and SAFER GMES FP7 Project.
  • User Management Aspect, in the context of the Disaster Management, has been analyzed by SpaceBel. Results have been provided as inputs to the Data Sharing Working Group.
  • Implementation of flooding disaster management service as a specific instance dedicated to the flood of the AIP-3 Disaster Management Reference Scenario. This implementation made by GIS.FCU lead to a video demonstration of the service.

The demonstration illustrate how services in GEOSS can meet the requirement of producing a near-real-time dispatching map based on the comprehension judgment fused by various sensors services in order to help the dispatching decision maker to make a rational decision for dispatching a emergency vehicle from a pair of specific origin and destination.

Engineering Report Summary

Under the context of the AIP-3 Disaster Management Reference Scenario, Earth Observation Data are of a paramount importance to provide Reference Maps, Assessment Maps and Thematic Maps, such as evacuation plan, to Actuator actors (for i.e, Civil Protection) on the disaster area as a decision support for the response and post-disaster phase of the crisis management. General purpose end goal of the AIP-3 Disaster Management Reference Scenario is to improve efficiency of the disaster response to preserve population and/or limit the number of victims.

A concrete and operational illustration could be found in the dedicated scenario for Flooding Disaster Response, which focuses on the “Near-real-time vehicle dispatching”. End goal is to provide shortest available route to an intervention point taking into account current and changing state of the transportation network during the disaster.

AIP-3 Disaster Management Reference Scenario

In the context of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Architecture Implementation Pilot Phase 3 (AIP-3) Disaster Management Working Group (DM WG), the Disaster Management Reference Scenario has been updated from the AIP-2 version. Mains updates came from following consideration:

  • Generic Thematic Product production process.
    Based on experience and expertise of GIS.FCU, especially the fact that a V0 version should be available as an existing product into an catalogue but V1 of the thematic product would be produced based on new data acquisition following the activation. Other up-to-date version of a thematic product should be produced on fresh data during and until the end of the crisis management.
  • Three phases of the Crisis management.
    From SAFER, International Charter and CSDP experience in crisis management: pre-crisis, crisis activation and post-crisis. That gives birth to 3 sub scenario "Early Warning Signal", "Activation of Disaster Management" and "Post Crisis". Such level of activation lead to define services in three categories: early warning signal, monitoring service and disaster management services.
  • Role of Coordinator of the Initiator.
    From SAFER feedbacks and confirms by other DM WG members, it aim is to coordinate all efforts between Processors, both Data Provider and Map Producer to deliver expected maps and thematic products to the Actuator who is focused on the disaster management on the field.

Flooding Disaster Scenario - Near-Real-Time Vehicle Dispatching Service demonstration

As a concret application of the Reference Scenario, the Near-Real-time Vehicle Dispatching service is dedicated to shorten the information gap of knowing and tackling with the event by using the open standards in order to make a good quality decision. The scenario is applied to flooding disasters caused by tropical storms, hurricanes, cyclones, or typhoon in particular, but can be easily re-cast to cover other disaster types such as earthquakes, wildfires, landslides, volcanoes, tornadoes, and many more.

The demonstration illustrate how services in GEOSS can meet the requirement of producing a near-real-time map based on the comprehension judgment fused by various sensors services in order to help the dispatching decision maker a rational decision for the dispatching of an emergency vehicle from a pair of specific origin and destination.

Working Group Contact Information

Name E-Mail  Role 

Arnaud Cauchy

arnaud.cauchy@spotimage.fr

Co-Lead

Didier Giacobbo

didier.giacobbo@spotimage.fr

Co-Lead

Lan-Kun(Peter )Chung 衷嵐焜

peter@gis.tw

Contributing Member

Pi-Hui(Pinky) Huang 黃碧慧

pinky@gis.tw

Contributing Member

Hui-Ju(Fion) Tsai 蔡惠如

fion@gis.tw

Member

Chia-Hao(Sky)Chen 陳家豪 sky@gis.tw Member
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